The Perspective of Efl Teachers On the Use of Communicative Language Teaching Clt in English Classes in Erbil City


  • Sangar Lateef Omer Department of English, College of Languages, Salahaddin University, Erbil, KR-Iraq



Communicative Language Teaching CLT, Teachers’ views, Erbil city, foreign language, modification


There are increasing demand in schools in Erbil city to bring a change to the current ELT teachings, and the academic literature has shown that Communicative Language Teaching English in the classrooms is positively associated with school leaders’ effectiveness at implementing reforms. The purpose of this study is to survey the communicative language teaching CLT in English language teaching classrooms as a foreign language in Erbil city, to bring about change and innovation within this Middle Eastern educational system, and to investigate teachers’ and principals’ overall acceptance of this type of leadership in this country. The methods used to realize in this study involves an initial questionnaire and a detailed follow-up to 27 teachers and principal’s interviews conducted by the researcher. The findings indicate that principals believe they are practicing high levels of Communicative Language Teaching English in the classrooms, but the majority of the teachers have an iconoclastic view with that assessment. This trend emerges from all the components of the Communicative Language Teaching English in the classrooms model that was utilized in the study: challenging the process, inspiring a shared vision, enabling others to act, modeling the way, and encouraging the heart. This realization suggests that Communicative Language Teaching English in the classrooms can still be a success in Erbil city, but modification of that model is suggested.


Ahmad, S., and Rao, C. (2013). Applying Communicative Approach in Teaching English as a Foreign Language: a Case Study of Pakistan. Institute of International & Comparative Education, Northeast Normal University, China. ISSN: 1697-7467.pp 187-203.

Ansarey, D. (2012). Communicative Language Teaching in EFL Contexts: Teachers Attitude and Perception in Bangladesh. ASA University Review, Vol. 6 No. 1.Department of English, ASA University Bangladesh.

Bax, S. (2003).The end of CLT: a context approach to language teaching. ELT Journal Volume 57/3.Oxford University Press.

Beltrán-Palanques, V. (2014). Fostering Intercultural Communicative Competence in the Foreign Language Classroom: Pedagogical Implications. International Journal of English Language & Translation Studies. 2(2), 59-70 Retrieved from

Celce-Murcia, M., and Dornyei, Z. (1995). Communicative Competence: A Pedagogically Motivated Model with Content Specifications. University of California, Los Angeles. Issues in Applied Linguistics. ISSN 1050-4273.pp 5-35.

Dahmardeh, M. (2009). Communicative Textbooks: English Language Textbooks in Iranian Secondary School. Linguistic online 40, 4/09.

Doman, E.; Robertson, P.; Dash, P., and Jung, J. (2005). The EFL Professional's Written Forum. Asian EFL Journal Press A Division of Time Taylor International Ltd. Trustnet Chambers. P.O. Box 3444. Road Town, Tort ol a. British Virgin Islands. ISSN. 1738-1460.

Halliday, M., A., K. (1993). Towards a Language-Based Theory ofLearning.5 Laing Avenue, Killara, New South Wales, Australia 2071.Linguistics and Education 5, pp. 93- 116.

Karim, Kh, M., R. (2004). Teachers' perceptions, attitudes and expectations about Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) in post-secondary education Bangladesh. Department of Curriculum and Instruction University of Victoria. A Thesis Submitted in Partial Fulfillments of the Requirements for the Degree of MASTERS OF ARTS.

Kelly, M. (2011). Seven hundred reasons for studying languages. Linguistics and Area Studies.

Keskin, Y. (2014). US Influence On The Education System InTurkey: An Analysis Of Reports By American Education Specialists. Sakarya University, Turkey. Journal of International Education Research – Third Quarter. Volume 10, Number 3.

Mullen, C., A.; Greenlee, B., J., & Bruner, D., Y. (2005). Exploring the Theory-Practice Relationship in Educational Leadership Curriculum Though Metaphor. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, Volume 17, Number 1, ISSN 1812-9129.

NEA, (2007). The Benefits of Second Language Study. Research Findings with Citations.. Regarding World Language Education.

Ozsevik, Z. (2010). The Use of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT): Turkish EFL Teachers’ Perceived Difficulties in Implementing CLT in Turkey. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Teaching of English as a Second Language in the Graduate College of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

Paradis, J., Kirova, A., &Dachyshyn, D., M. (2005). Working with Young Children who are Learning English as a New Language. Alberta Education Cataloguing in Publication Data. Alberta Education. Early Learning Branch. ISBN

SAVIGNON, S., J., and WANG, Ch. (2003). Communicative language teaching in EFL contexts: Learner attitudes and perceptions. IRAL 41, 223–249 0019042X/2003/041-0223 C_Walter de Gruyter.

Vongxay, H. (2013). The Implementation of Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) In an English Department in a Lao Higher Education all Institution: A Case Study. A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education Unitec Institution of Technology, New Zealand.

Wiriyachitra, A. (2006). English Language Teaching and Learning in Thailand in this Decade. Thai TESOL.